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The French Micro-Entreprise

In today’s discussion, we will delve into the world of the renowned “micro-entreprise” status in France, unlocking its key aspects and offering valuable insights for aspiring entrepreneurs. So, let’s embark on this enlightening journey!

Understanding the Micro-Entreprise

A micro-entreprise, often referred to as a micro-entrepreneur, is a simplified business structure in France. It is tailor-made to facilitate the initiation and management of small businesses and freelance endeavors. It is a versatile framework that accommodates diverse activities, including product sales, service provision, and even property rentals. Micro-entreprises’ simplicity in tax and administration makes them popular among small entrepreneurs.

Micro-Entreprise Thresholds

The thresholds for micro-entreprises in France exhibit variations depending on the nature of the activity. Precise revenue thresholds are established for service providers, product sellers, and various other business types. For instance, in 2023, the threshold for service-based micro-entrepreneurs is set at €77,700, while those engaged in selling goods or renting accommodations face a €188,700 threshold.

Pros and Cons of a Micro-Entreprise


Simplified Taxation: Micro-entrepreneurs embrace a simplified tax structure, where taxes are computed as a percentage of their revenue. This streamlined approach enhances financial management.

Reduced Administrative Burden: Compared to their larger counterparts, micro-entrepreneurs face fewer administrative requirements, easing the process of business initiation.

Flexibility: Micro-entrepreneurship is an ideal choice for individuals seeking part-time or supplementary income, as it affords flexibility in work schedules and diverse activities.

Low Startup Costs: Starting a micro-entreprise typically necessitates minimal initial investment, making it an attractive option for budding entrepreneurs.


Income Thresholds: Micro-entrepreneurs are subject to income thresholds. Should their revenue surpass these limits, they may need to consider transitioning to an alternative business structure.

Limited Growth Potential: While suitable for small-scale operations, micro-entreprises may not align with the ambitions of those striving for substantial business expansion.

Taxation Considerations: The simplified tax regime may not always be the most advantageous choice, as certain expenses cannot be deducted, depending on the specific business activity.

Transitioning Over the Threshold

When a micro-entrepreneur’s revenue exceeds the threshold associated with their activity, a transition to an alternate business structure becomes necessary. Options include individual companies (entreprise individuelle) or more complex entities like limited companies (EURL or SASU). A two-year grace period is provided, allowing you to exceed the threshold for two consecutive years before transitioning.

Taxation and Declarations

Micro-entrepreneurs are responsible for taxes and social contributions, computed as a percentage of their revenue. The percentage varies based on the nature of the activity, with those selling goods subject to a rate of 12.30% of their gross turnover, while service providers face a rate of 21.20%.

Regular revenue declarations, either monthly or quarterly, are obligatory for micro-entrepreneurs. These declarations are made through the official URSSAF website, where the calculated amount of social contributions is then validated and paid via direct debit.

Accounting Considerations

Unlike larger enterprises, micro-entrepreneurs typically do not need to hire an accountant. Careful management of monthly or quarterly URSSAF returns, diligent record-keeping of turnover and expenses, and fulfilling personal income tax obligations are the primary responsibilities in this business structure.

Armed with these fundamental insights into the world of French micro-entreprises, you are now better equipped to make informed decisions about your legal status or embark on the journey of establishing your very own micro-entreprise.

French Tax Online is a tax consultancy firm specialized in foreigners investing and living in France.

A member of the Budiz Company Group, which is a French chartered accountant registered with the Order of French Chartered Accountants (OEC).

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